What is the difference? – Forbes Health
CBD is one of the most abundant active constituents in the cannabis plant. It’s a non-psychoactive isomer of THC, which means it won’t cause an intoxicating, “high” feeling. It is derived from the leaves, stems, and flowers of hemp and cannabis plants, but since the legality of cannabis is still controversial in some places, most CBD oils are extracted from hemp plants.
“CBD is a plant compound found in cannabis sativa, both hemp and cannabis,” says Yvonne Perez Emerson, herbalist and founder of Make and Mary, a CBD boutique in Portland, Oregon. It is believed that there are at least 100 unique compounds found in hemp, known as cannabinoids, of which CBD is the second most abundant. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that interact with the body’s central regulatory system (endocannabinoid system), which manages the body’s homeostasis (physiological balance) among bodily processes such as appetite, mood, memory, sleep and immune system functions, adds Emerson.
They can be consumed as phytocannabinoids inherently present in CBD products or produced naturally by the body (endocannabinoids). When ingested, CBD oil can aid the brain and body by interacting with the endocannabinoid system and neurotransmitters that impact inflammation, pain, mood regulation, and stress response. .
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How is it done?
CBD oil is made from an extraction, often using carbon dioxide, which creates nutrient-dense products with high cannabinoid content.
“CBD oil is made by adding hemp extract to a carrier oil,” Emerson explains. The most common carrier oil used with CBD is medium chain triglyceride (MCT) oil, which is made from coconut. Vegetable oil, sunflower oil, almond oil and olive oil can also be used as carriers.
Once a carrier oil has been paired, the focus shifts to potency, which determines the strength of the product based on the amount of CBD content present. “A formulation should be calculated based on the percentage you want the dosage or potency of the final product to be. It depends first on the potency of the raw material,” Emerson continues.
When the desired potency is achieved, additional ingredients may be added to the oil depending on its intended use. For example, Emerson’s products include other herbal materials, such as rosehip seed oil and jojoba oil, which address specific issues such as inflammation or hydration of the skin.
How is it used?
Many products contain CBD oil, from topical pain creams to tinctures or gummies used to improve sleep or anxiety. Even fizzy drinks, pet products, and beauty products are jumping on the CBD wave.
Experts find that CBD oil has an array of health benefits. “Simply put, CBD restores homeostasis (the body’s natural balance),” says Emerson. “It works in the endocannabinoid system by activating two of its main receptors (known as CB1 and CB2), which regulate mood, temperature, cognitive function and muscle repair.”
Although more research is needed, preliminary studies show that CBD oil can also be used to treat or improve the following areas:
- Acute and chronic pain
- Seizures due to epilepsy and related conditions
- Anxiety disorders, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder
- Psychiatric and neurological disorders and diseases
- Digestive health
- weight management
- Oxidative stress
- Cardiovascular conditions, such as hypertension, heart disease, and stroke
- Stress-induced cardiovascular conditions
- skin health
Potential risks and side effects
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns of several potential risks when using CBD in any form, including:
- Potential liver damage
- Negative drug interactions that can lead to serious side effects
- Increased risk of sedation and drowsiness when used with alcohol or drugs that slow brain activity
- Changes in alertness during use
- Gastrointestinal distress, such as diarrhea and/or decreased appetite
- Mood changes, such as irritability and restlessness
Further research into the potential side effects of CBD is needed, particularly with regard to the long-term impacts of use over an extended period, the dosage that triggers the risks, the impact of consumption methods (eating, smoking or topical application), the effect of CBD on a developing fetus or breastfed newborn, and how CBD affects a developing brain, such as in children.
Pure, premium and potent CBD
FAB CBD products are made from organically grown, lab tested Colorado hemp. Their product line includes CBD oils, gummies, topical CBD cream, dog treats and more.
The cannabis sativa plant species is used for a wide variety of benefits and by-products, which vary depending on the plant variety and the specific part of the plant used. If you’re looking for ways to improve your physical health and omega intake, consider hemp seed oil and its research-backed benefits. If you need pain relief or something to relieve anxiety or depression, ask your health care provider if CBD oil is the right choice for your health needs.
Forbes Health covers CBD and cannabis products according to FTC guidelines. Learn more about Forbes Health’s practices and policies regarding how we cover CBD and cannabis as a publisher.